Feeder, Townlink and Intratown routes are public bus services that ply between bus interchanges and various parts of housing estates. Such routes cater to the design of most residential towns in Singapore, where town centers with many facilities (such as shopping malls, town council offices, public libraries, hawker centers, MRT stations, etc) are usually accompanied with bus interchanges. These routes operate in a loop fashion between the bus interchange and various housing estates.
Feeder routes are an important part of Singapore’s hub-and-spoke transport system, which relies on the rail network as the main backbone and residential routes which connect MRT stations with various parts of a housing estate. Passengers can also transfer between feeder routes at the bus interchange to get to different parts of the estate. (Interchange ↺ Estate)
Townlink and Intratown routes are a combination of feeder routes that serve multiple parts of a housing estates. They operate similar to two feeder services, and return to the interchange before continuing on their second loop. (Interchange ↺ Estate A ↺ Estate B). The term “Townlink” is used by SBS Transit and “Intratown” is used by SMRT. An advantage of Townlink and Intratown services is that they allow for travel between Estate A and B without the need for transferring buses at the interchange. A disadvantage would be that delays usually cascade down the timetable and hence much more prone to bunching up compared to feeder routes. When drivers need to take a break after completing their second loop, it is necessary to indicate to passengers that the bus will not continue its trip after reaching the interchange. SBS Transit places a red “T” sign at the front of the bus, while SMRT adds the letter “E” to the end of the service number as displayed on the front EDS.
Although most major bus estates are served by feeder and townlink/intratown routes, the number of routes is not a solid indication of the demographics of that particular estate. For example, Hougang has only one feeder service (325) despite its large size, as residential trunk routes like 112, 113 and other trunk routes help cover the remaining areas. Other estates have light rail transit (LRT) networks in addition to feeder services, reducing the need for duplicated feeder services.
Fares for feeder and townlink/intratown services follow the current distance-based fare scheme (DBF) but are capped at 3.2km. Effective 8 Oct 2011, card fares are capped at 73¢ for adult, 54¢ for Senior Citizen and 36¢ for Child. Cash fares are 110¢ for adult, 90¢ for Senior Citizen and 55¢ for Child.
Feeder and townlink/intratown services operate daily from early morning (around 5am) to after midnight, usually tied to the last train timing at connecting MRT stations. Frequencies are usually stable due to the short nature and predictable demand of such routes.